The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ located below the neck below the voice box, in front of the throat, and above the collarbone. It is responsible for regulating metabolic processes in the body with the use of iodine diet (minerals present or added to the food) that produce thyroid hormones T3 and T4. However, thyroid is prone to develop certain issues, with three of the most common: underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), more active thyroid (hyperthyroidism), and thyroid nodules.
The Most Common Thyroid Problems You Should Know
Under active thyroid, a condition in which the thyroid are does not produce enough T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine) hormone that is essential for the metabolism of the body. the hormones T3 T4 is the same as, only converted into a form that is more useful after the loss of one of their atoms, and which is found to be present in the liver and other organs, such as the brain. The hormones T3 contains 3-Atomic iodine, hormone and T4 contains four-atom iodine, then their names.
Underactive thyroid typically caused by inflammation of the thyroid gland which was taken by an individual’s immune system on its own, or with the side effects of treatment that may have been related to other diseases. This is usually treated with hormone replacement medication called levothyroxine. An overactive thyroid is a condition where the thyroid gland produces too much hormone T4 that speeds up metabolism significantly. This turn can cause sudden weight loss, rapid heartbeat or irregular, restlessness, irritability, or sweating.
Treatment for an overactive thyroid is with the use of anti-depressant drugs thyroid, or radioactive iodine, which slows down the production of hormones T4. In more severe cases surgery may be used where the good part or the entire thyroid removed. A thyroid nodule is where lumps (nodules) grow in the neck which is usually formed by the growth of abnormal cells, or where the cysts grow and cause bumps. Sometimes the lump collections can be formed, but the most common type of colloid nodules good nodules, or follicular neoplasm.
Sometimes the autonomous nodules can be formed when the hormones are produced without paying attention to the needs of the body, and that can cause hyperthyroidism. Little is known about thyroid nodules why they form; however, it is believed may be due either to the lack of iodine in the diet, or genetic defect. It is estimated only about 10% of these nodules can actually be cancer and is usually shown with both nodules become tough, clinging to a nearby structure, or when there is a family history of thyroid cancer.
The treatment of these nodules may depend on how the nodules really affect patients; However, usually, if a benign nodule (non-cancerous), anti-thyroid or radioactive iodine prescribed. If the nodules are found to be malignant (cancer), usually operation will be used to remove it, followed by radioactive iodine to remove tissue that may have been left behind after surgery.